​Homeless crisis: 80 per cent to 90 per cent of homeless people turned away from emergency housing

Feb 12, 2018 | News

Lucy Shah Mohamady walks down Queen St giving food and clothes to the homeless. The homelessness crisis is expected to be a focus of a report, released by the Government today.

Photo / Dean Purcell

New Zealand’s homelessness crisis is much worse than previously thought, as a new report identifies a hidden homeless population that is not officially monitored by government agencies.

More than 80 per cent of all homeless people turning up to community emergency housing providers in the last year were turned away because the system is bursting at the seams, according to an independent housing stocktake to be released today.

And the number of recorded homeless people without a safe and secure place to live is expected to rise significantly, as more struggling people are told that help is available and come out of the shadows.

The report, authored by economist Shamubeel Eaqub, University of Otago Professor of Public Health Philippa Howden-Chapman and the Salvation Army’s Alan Johnson, will be released this morning by Housing Minister Phil Twyford.

The Government describes it as an independent stocktake of the housing crisis to help focus its work. But National’s housing spokesman Michael Woodhouse has call it a “smoke and mirrors” exercise to find the numbers to fit the Government’s narrative, when the housing market is “flat to falling”.

The report is understood to bring together figures across a number of areas including homelessness, the rental market, housing affordability – including the rising costs relative to wage increases – and housing supply nationwide, with a specific focus on Auckland.

One of the report’s main focuses will be to highlight a hidden homeless population that is not officially monitored or recorded.

However, community emergency housing providers report they are at full capacity, and their data from last year indicate that for every 10 homeless people that approach them, eight to nine are turned away.

The report will refer to a burgeoning “floating population” – people without safe and secure housing, including in temporary housing, sharing with another household, or living in uninhabitable places.

The report is understood to say that greater awareness of the issue, along with more information campaigns about where to get help, is expected to lead to reported homelessness getting worse.

The report is intended as analysis of the housing issue, and is not expected to make any recommendations for action.

One indication of the extent of the crisis in the report is an extra 2000 pensioners receiving the accommodation supplement last year.

Love Soup Rotorua help feed Rotorua. Photo / Ben Fraser.

Auckland Action Against Poverty spokesman Alastair Russell said the magnitude of the homelessness problem was “huge”.

“We are continually assisting people into motels and encountering people living in cars, or 10 to 12 people in grossly overcrowded situations. It is absolutely appalling.

“And it’s is gradually getting worse, and as there is no coherent approach to addressing the issue at all. There is a chronic housing shortage and housing prices are out of reach.

“The [Government’s KiwiBuild] focus on so-called affordable housing in the $500,000 to $600,000 range is aimed at Labour/National swing voters, but it doesn’t address the social needs of the people at the bottom.”

Russell said the Government’s intention to build at least an extra 1000 state homes a year was “a drop in the bucket” that goes nowhere near far enough.

The closest official record of homelessness is the census, which monitors severe housing deprivation. In the 2013, about one in every 100 New Zealanders were in severe housing deprivation, compared to one in 120 in the 2006 census, and one in 130 in the 2001 census.

YaleGlobal Online, a magazine published by the prestigious US university, said last year New Zealand had the worst per capita homelessness in the OECD – and almost double that of Australia – with more than 40,000 people living on the streets, in emergency housing, or substandard shelters.

Last July Auckland Council put the city’s homeless number at 23,409 – 3000 more than four years ago.

The number includes those sleeping rough or in cars, in emergency housing, couch surfing or living in garages.

Tackling homelessness has been a key concern of Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern, and it was an increasingly important issue for the previous government after media reports last year of people living in their cars.

Last August the National-led Government gave $27 million to help Auckland City Mission build a new 80-unit complex, and $16.5 million for its Housing First programme to add 100 beds in Auckland, Tauranga, Wellington, and Christchurch.

Figures from the December 2017 quarter showed there were 7725 people waiting for a state house, up 5 per cent on the previous quarter.

Figures from the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment last year showed a housing shortfall of 71,000 nationwide, with 45,000 more houses needed in Auckland.

The next biggest housing shortfall was in greater Wellington, with a shortage of 9312 properties.

The Government has brought in a range of measures to curb the housing crisis, including stopping the transfer of Housing NZ properties to community providers, and introducing the Healthy Homes Guarantee Bill.

It intends to build 100,000 affordable homes through KiwiBuild and at least 1000 more Housing NZ homes a year.

National has been critical of these policies as it cites the mounting months before the first KiwiBuild home is built, and claims that cutting out community providers for social housing will see the overall supply decline.

Context box: Homelessness crisis• 8 to 9 out of every 10 homeless people turned away from emergency housing providers
• Hidden homeless population with no official monitoring or recording
• 1 in 100 live in severe housing deprivation in 2013 census, up from 1 in 120 in 2006 and 1 in 130 in 2001
• Auckland Council says 23,409 in severe housing deprivation last year, up 3000 from the 2013 census
• 7725 on state house waiting list, up 5 per cent from Sept quarter

• MBIE figures show a nationwide shortfall of 71,000 houses; 45,000 in Auckland

Recent articles

Annual Report

2021/22 CHA Annual Report

2021/22 CHA Annual Report

Strategic Plan

CHA’s 2022-2023 Strategic Workplan

CHA’s 2022-2023 Strategic Workplan

Featured Network

Residential Tenancies Act Community of Practice

Residential Tenancies Act Community of Practice

Our Place

Our Place Report 2017

Our Place Report 2017

Case Studies

Media Releases

News

Newsletters

Community Housing Aotearoa newsletter – November 28, 2022

Welcome to our latest newsletter. We cover the latest staff news, we seek feedback on our Conference topics, outline what submissions are currently being prepared, plus highlight a number of community and partner events. Community Housing Aotearoa newsletter November...

Community Housing Aotearoa newsletter – November 14, 2022

Welcome to our latest newsletter. We cover the latest staff news, Auckland's CHP network latest event, we seek feedback on our Conference topics, outline what submissions are currently being prepared, plus highlight a number of community and partner events. Community...

Community Housing Aotearoa Newsletter – October 31, 2022

Welcome to our latest newsletter. We cover the release of our Annual Report and our AGM, we seek feedback on our Conference topics, outline what submissions are currently being prepared, summarise the VUW Interns' work to produce CHRA Registration and Methamphetamine...

Submissions

CHA’s Submission on the Charities Amendment Bill

CHA submitted to the Social Services and Community Committee on the Charities Amendment Bill. We supported a robust and fully inclusive review be done through an independent body to address underlying issues that our sector faces and ensure lasting charities. The...

Legislation

Reports

CHA 2022 Annual Report and Audited Accounts

What a year for our Community Housing Aotearoa Ngā Wharerau o Aotearoa team. Our Annual Report highlights our service delivery, including: - 16 submissions to central and local government. - 30 trainings and events delivered on topics ranging from public health...

CHA’s Methamphetamine Harm-Reduction Handbook

CHA has developed a Methamphetamine Harm-Reduction Handbook - with consultation from the NZ Drug Foundation - with advice for providers, tenants, and policy-makers. This resource can be read below: Methamphetamine Harm-Reduction Handbook

Research

Community Housing Aotearoa

Contact Us

Contact Info

Level 11, Ranchhod Tower,
39 The Terrace /
102-112 Lambton Quay
PO Box 11543
Wellington 6142

+04 385 8722

support@communityhousing.org.nz

Follow On